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Author Topic: Neanderthals and modern Humans -did they met?  (Read 1269 times)
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« on: May 20, 2009, 03:27:15 AM »

There was a symposion about this question in Tübingen some years ago and the answer was : probably  NO, especially in the Swabian Region. A new publication claims that Neanderthals and modern humans could have met in the Charente region.

"Cutmarked human remains bearing Neandertal features
and modern human remains associated with the
Aurignacian at Les Rois"

From the Summary -  The view that Aurignacian technologies and their associated symbolic manifestations
represent the archaeological proxy for the spread of Anatomically Modern Humans into Europe, is supported
by few diagnostic human remains, including those from the Aurignacian site of Les Rois in south-western
France. Here we reassess the taxonomic attribution of the human remains, their cultural affi liation, and
provide fi ve new radiocarbon dates for the site. Patterns of tooth growth along with the morphological and
morphometric analysis of the human remains indicate that a juvenile mandible showing cutmarks presents
some Neandertal features, whereas another mandible is attributed to Anatomically Modern Humans.
Reappraisal of the archaeological sequence demonstrates that human remains derive from two layers dated
to 28–30 kyr BP attributed to the Aurignacian, the only cultural tradition detected at the site.  ree possible
explanations may account for this unexpected evidence. The first one is that the Aurignacian was exclusively
produced by AMH and that the child mandible from unit A2 represents evidence for consumption or, more
likely, symbolic use of a Neandertal child by Aurignacian AMH.  e second possible explanation is that
Aurignacian technologies were produced at Les Rois by human groups bearing both AMH and Neandertal
features. Human remains from Les Rois would be in this case the first evidence of a biological contact
between the two human groups.  e third possibility is that all human remains from Les Rois represent an
AMH population with conserved plesiomorphic characters suggesting a larger variation in modern humans
from the Upper Palaeolithic.

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